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Melatonin for the treatment of sepsis: the scientific rationale

www.greenmedinfo.com. (2020). Melatonin for the treatment of sepsis: the scientific rationale. [online] Available at: https://www.greenmedinfo.com/article/melatonin-treatment-sepsis-scientific-rationale [Accessed 17 Apr. 2021].

Abstract: Sepsis affects 30 million people worldwide, leading to 6 million deaths every year (WHO), and despite decades of research, novel initiatives are drastically needed. According to the current literature, oxidative imbalance and mitochondrial dysfunction are common features of septic patients that can cause multiorgan failure and death. Melatonin, alongside its traditionally accepted role as the master hormonal regulator of the circadian rhythm, is a promising adjunctive drug for sepsis through its anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic and powerful antioxidant properties. Several animal models of sepsis have demonstrated that melatonin can prevent multiorgan dysfunction and improve survival through restoring mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) function, inhibiting nitric oxide synthesis and reducing cytokine production.